Adv Med Sci 2019 Apr 16;64(2):324-330. Epub 2019 Apr 16.
Department of Tropical and Parasitic Diseases, University Centre of Maritime and Tropical Medicine (UCMMiT), Medical University of Gdansk, Gdynia, Poland; Department of Tropical Medicine and Epidemiology, Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdynia, Poland.
Purpose: Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a parasitic disease caused by the larval stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. Ultrasonography is the method of choice in the initial diagnosis of AE. The aim of the study is to present the most frequent sonomorphological patterns of lesions in hepatic AE based on the analysis of ultrasound findings in patients treated for AE at the University Centre of Maritime and Tropical Medicine (UCMMiT; Gdynia, Poland), and to establish whether there is a relationship between the clinical stage of AE and the occurrence of a specific sonomorphological pattern of hepatic lesions.
Patients And Methods: We analysed the results of ultrasound examinations of 58 patients hospitalized in the UCMMiT with probable or certain diagnosis of AE. Liver lesions were assessed according to the classification developed by researchers from the University Hospital in Ulm (Germany). Statistical analysis was based on the relationship between the occurrence of a specific sonomorphological pattern of hepatic lesions and the clinical stage of AE.
Results: The most frequently observed patterns of AE lesions in the liver were the hailstorm and the pseudocystic patterns. There was no correlation between the clinical stage of the disease and the ultrasonographic appearance of lesions. There was no statistically significant relationship between the more frequent occurrences of specific ultrasonographic patterns of lesions in the liver and radical or non-radical surgery.
Conclusions: The ultrasonographic appearance of the lesion in liver AE cannot determine the therapeutic management. Treatment plan should be established based on the PMN classification.