J Hazard Mater 2019 Jul 5;374:203-210. Epub 2019 Apr 5.
Departamento de Química Analítica, Química Física e Ingeniería Química, Universidad de Alcalá, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33.600, 28871, Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), Spain; Instituto de Investigación Química Andrés M. del Río, Universidad de Alcalá, Ctra, Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33.600, 28871, Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), Spain. Electronic address:
Stability and toxicity studies for duloxetine and econazole were achieved using individual solutions and their mixtures. Stability of drugs racemates and enantiomers was investigated under abiotic and biotic conditions. Toxicity was evaluated for the first time on Spirodela polyrhiza. EC50 values were calculated for each individual drug and for their binary mixture. Real (not nominal) concentrations determined by Capillary Electrophoresis were employed in the calculations of toxicity parameters. The use of a 25 mM phosphate buffer (pH 3.0) with 1.5% S-β-CD as chiral selector at a temperature of 30 °C and a separation voltage of -20 kV enabled the simultaneous enantiomeric separation of duloxetine and econazole in 7.5 min with enantiomeric resolutions of 7.9 and 6.5, respectively. For individual solutions, decay percentages under abiotic conditions were higher for duloxetine (80%) than for econazole (60%), while in presence of Spirodela polyrhiza they increased for duloxetine but not for econazole. Econazole showed the highest decay percentages under abiotic or biotic conditions (100%) in binary mixtures. EC50 values for duloxetine and econazole enabled to include both drugs within the group of very toxic compounds although econazole showed a higher toxicity than duloxetine and the binary mixture.