Appl Radiat Isot 2019 Jul 10;149:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 10.
Nuclear Technique Laboratory, University of Science, VNU-HCM, Viet Nam; Department of Nuclear Physics, Faculty of Physics and Engineering Physics, University of Science, VNU-HCM, Viet Nam. Electronic address:
The aim of this study is the validation of gamma scanning method for optimizing NaI(Tl) detector model in Monte Carlo simulation. The experimental procedure involved: scanning on front and lateral surfaces of the detector with collimated low-energy photon beam; calibrating the efficiency with energies between 31-1408 keV for point sources at distances of 0 cm and 30 cm from source to the detector. The Monte Carlo code used for the simulations was MCNP6. The diameter and the length of crystal were determined according to the measured results of gamma scanning with a collimated Am radioactive source. The distance from window to crystal was estimated using transmission measurement recorded on a second detector. The density of reflector was adjusted to obtain the match between measured and simulated values of efficiency ratio of 81 and 31 keV from a Ba radioactive source. The optimized model was applied in Monte Carlo simulations to determine the efficiency and energy spectrum response function of NaI(Tl) detector for point source measurements in two configurations. Good agreement was obtained between measured and simulated results.