Eur J Pharm Sci 2019 Jun 16;134:102-115. Epub 2019 Apr 16.
Bose Institute, Division of Molecular Medicine, P-1/12, C.I.T. Scheme VII M, Kolkata 700054, India. Electronic address:
A series of aryl 7-chloroquinolinyl hydrazone derivatives (3a-u) have been synthesized in 55-76% yield using simple reaction condition. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activities based on their ability to inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion from the macrophages after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Three compounds appeared as promising anti-inflammatory agents. The mechanism of inflammatory activity of the potent compound 3e was further investigated using a series of biochemical, molecular and microscopic techniques. Further structure activity relationship (SAR) study was carried out to validate the anti-inflammatory activities of the active compounds. Our experimental data revealed that the active moiety i.e. compound 3e majorly causes inhibition of TLR4 signaling pathway and this appears to be the novel functional attribute of this compound.