PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0214851. Epub 2019 Apr 19.
Department of Applied Mathematics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710072, PR China.
This paper presents a fast two-stage image segmentation method for intensity inhomogeneous image using an energy function based on a local region-based active contour model with exponential family. In the first stage, we preliminary segment the down-sampled images by the local correntropy-based K-means clustering model with exponential family, which can fast obtain a coarse result with low computational complexity. Subsequently, by taking the up-sampled contour of the first stage as initialization, we precisely segment the original images by the improved local correntropy-based K-means clustering model with exponential family in the second stage. This stage can achieve accurate result rapidly as the result of the proper initialization. Meanwhile, we converge the energy function of two-stage by the Riemannian steepest descent method. Comparing with other statistical numerically methods, which are used to solve the partial differential equations(PDEs), this method can obtain the global minima with less iterations. Moreover, to promote regularity of energy function, we use a popular regular method which is an inner product and applies spatial smoothing to the gradient flow. Extensive experiments on synthetic and real images demonstrate that the proposed method is more efficient than the other state-of-art methods on intensity inhomogeneous images.