J Crohns Colitis 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Background: The population of older patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing. Patient age does not fully account for poor outcomes and its clinical utility for risk stratification is limited. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), comprising a somatic, functional, mental and social assessment or frailty, could be a predictor tool.
Aims: To systematically review literature on the kind of components of a CGA being used in adult IBD patients and the association of these components with adverse health outcomes.
Methods: An electronic literature search was performed on 16th January 2018 using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, CENTRAL, Emcare and PsycINFO. Longitudinal studies relating somatic, functional, mental and social assessment or frailty to adverse health outcomes during follow-up in IBD patients were included. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess individual study quality.
Results: Of 4080 identified citations, 27 studies were included reporting 169 associations. Median sample size was 108 patients (IQR 60-704). No studies performed subgroup analyses on older patients and the highest mean age reported was 52.7 years. Somatic and functional assessments were used in three studies; mental in 24 and social in five. No study assessed cognitive status, functional performance or frailty. In 62 associations (36.7%) components of a CGA were significantly associated with adverse health outcome measurements.
Conclusions: Components of a CGA were associated with adverse health outcomes in IBD patients, but older patients were underrepresented. More studies among older patients with IBD are warranted to further establish the clinical impact of a CGA.