Contrasting effects of host species and phylogenetic diversity on the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 in European wild birds.

Authors:
Yuying Ma
Yuying Ma
University of Surrey
United Kingdom
Tom Langendoen
Tom Langendoen
University of Helsinki
Finland
Taej Mundkur
Taej Mundkur
Institute of Immunology
Yali Si
Yali Si
Tsinghua University
Huaiyu Tian
Huaiyu Tian
College of Resources and Environment Science
China

J Anim Ecol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Resource Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Studies on the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 suggest that wild bird migration may facilitate its long-distance spread, yet the role of wild bird community composition in its transmission risk remains poorly understood. Furthermore, most studies on the diversity-disease relationship focused on host species diversity without considering hosts' phylogenetic relationships, which may lead to rejecting a species diversity effect when the community has host species that are only distantly related. Here, we explored the influence of waterbird community composition for determining HPAI H5N1 occurrence in wild birds in a continental-scale study across Europe. In particular, we tested the diversity-disease relationship using both host species diversity and host phylogenetic diversity. Our results provide the first demonstration that host community composition-compared with previously identified environmental risk factors-can also effectively explain the spatial pattern of H5N1 occurrence in wild birds. We further show that communities with more higher risk host species and more closely related species have a higher risk of H5N1 outbreaks. Thus, both host species diversity and community phylogenetic structure, in addition to environmental factors, jointly influence H5N1 occurrence. Our work not only extends the current theory on the diversity-disease relationship, but also has important implications for future monitoring of H5N1 and other HPAI subtypes.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12997DOI Listing
April 2019

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