Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 2019 Apr;35(4):607-615
College of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Wanli University, Ningbo 315100, Zhejiang, China.
Isopeptide bond-mediated molecular superglue is the irreversible covalent bond spontaneously formed by the side chains of lysine (Lys) and asparagine/aspartic acid (Asn/Asp) residues. The peptide-peptide interaction is specific, stable, and can be achieved quickly without any particular physicochemical factor. In the light of recent progress by domestic and foreign researchers, here we summarize the origin, assembly system and mechanism of isopeptide bond reaction, as well as the molecular cyclization and protein topological structure mediated by it. The prospect for its application in synthetic vaccine, hydrogel and bacterial nanobiological reactor is further discussed.