Biomed Res Int 2019 13;2019:5193597. Epub 2019 Mar 13.
Department of Otolaryngology, Beijing AnZhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease. It can cause many serious complications. OSA may increase the risk of hypertension. However, the exact mechanism of OSA causing hypertension is not fully understood. YKL-40/chitinase-3-like protein-1 plays an important role in vascular injury, repair, and generation. We sought to explore the role of YKL-40 in endothelial dysfunction and hypertension in OSA patients.
Methods: All subjects were examined by polysomnography (PSG) and the expression of YKL-40 in the plasm of the subjects was measured by luminex. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) was measured by B-mode ultrasound.
Results: According to the conditions of OSA and hypertension, we studied four groups of 157 subjects, including OSA group (OSA, N=77), OSA with hypertension group (OSA+HT, N=37), hypertension group (HT, N=20), and healthly group (Con, N=23). YKL-40 levels were significantly elevated in OSA, OSA+HT, and HT group compared to Con groups. We used the ROC to predict the sensitivity and specificity of YKL-40 in all OSA patients or all hyperpietic patients. For OSA patients, the AUC of YKL-40 is 0.807 (95% confidence interval 0.725-0.888; <0.01). For hyperpietic patients, the AUC of YKL-40 is 0.656 (95% confidence interval 0.570-0.742, =0.01). There was a significant correlation between the parameter of OSA and hypertension and YKL-40 (<0.05) and a significant correlation between Max-CIMT and YKL-40 (<0.05).
Conclusion: Elevated circulating levels of YKL-40 are associated with hypertension in OSA patients. The specificity of YKL-40 suggests that it could be a potential biomarker for OSA and hypertension.