"Special K" Drug on Adolescent Rats: Oxidative Damage and Neurobehavioral Impairments.

Authors:
Dr. Marta Chagas Monteiro, PhD
Dr. Marta Chagas Monteiro, PhD
Graduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Federal University of Pará / UFPA
Microbiology and Immunology
Lab. Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Pharmaceutical Sciences
BELEM, Pará | Brazil

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2019 14;2019:5452727. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Laboratory of Pharmacology of Inflammation and Behavior, Pharmacy Faculty, Institute of Health Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil.

Ketamine is used in clinical practice as an anesthetic that pharmacologically modulates neurotransmission in postsynaptic receptors, such as NMDA receptors. However, widespread recreational use of ketamine in "party drug" worldwide since the 1990s quickly spread to the Asian orient region. Thus, this study aimed at investigating the behavioral and oxidative effects after immediate withdrawal of intermittent administration of ketamine in adolescent female rats. For this, twenty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: control and ketamine group ( = 10/group). Animals received ketamine (10 mg/kg/day) or saline intraperitoneally for three consecutive days. Three hours after the last administration, animals were submitted to open field, elevated plus-maze, forced swim tests, and inhibitory avoidance paradigm. Twenty-four hours after behavioral tests, the blood and hippocampus were collected for the biochemical analyses. Superoxide dismutase, catalase, nitrite, and lipid peroxidation (LPO) were measured in the blood samples. Nitrite and LPO were measured in the hippocampus. The present findings demonstrate that the early hours of ketamine withdrawal induced oxidative biochemistry unbalance in the blood samples, with elevated levels of nitrite and LPO. In addition, we showed for the first time that ketamine withdrawal induced depressive- and anxiety-like profile, as well as short-term memory impairment in adolescent rodents. The neurobehavioral deficits were accompanied by the hippocampal nitrite and LPO-elevated levels.

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Source
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2019/5452727/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5452727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437740PMC
March 2019
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)
Article in Acta Médica Portuguesa
Acta Médica Portuguesa 2011

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