J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):555-563
National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases Karachi, Pakistan.
Sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2 inhibitors (SGLT 2- i)are increasingly being used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). With the novel insulinindependent glycosuric action, these agents help to attain glycaemic goals by lowering HbA1c and fasting blood glucose. In addition, these agents improve metabolic control in diabetes and ameliorate comorbidities like obesity and hyper tension. Beneficial effec ts on cardiovascular outcomes have been a key attraction for physicians. These agents are used alone or in combination with oral antidiabetic agents and insulin to attain glycaemic and metabolic targets. A major disadvantagewith these agents is the increased risk for genital andurinary infections. When used in appropriate settings, there is no additional increased risk of hypoglycaemia or volume depletion with these agents. Available evidence suggests good efficacy and safety of these agents in diabetes management. The easy and convenient oncedaily dosing should be customized according to patient needs and glycaemic profiles.
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