BMC Res Notes 2019 Apr 18;12(1):232. Epub 2019 Apr 18.
Department of Statistics, Injibara University, Injibara, Amhara, Ethiopia.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the major risk factors of antiretroviral therapy dropout. The retrospective cohort research design was applied. 1512 HIV patients were included from Mettu Karl Hospital in Illubabor Zone, southwest part of Ethiopia from September 2005 to January 2018. Kaplan-Meier comparison and log-logistic regression accelerated failure time model were used.
Results: From the log-logistic regression result, the risk of dropout for patients with primary education status was 10.58% greater as compared to illiterate (p < 0.0110). The probability of dropout for patients with marital status separated was about 16.82% higher than those patients with marital status divorced (p < 0.0070). Being merchant, farmer and daily labour had a greater risk of dropout as compared to a housewife. Most of the HIV/AIDS patients on ART were dropout in a short period due to patients separated marital status, primary education, CD4, being merchants, farmer and daily labour. Investigation on the cause of antiretroviral therapy dropout from a number of AIDS clinics in the country is highly appreciated.