Cognitive workload measurement and modeling under divided attention.

Authors:
David L Strayer
David L Strayer
University of Utah
United States
Dora Matzke
Dora Matzke
University of Amsterdam
Netherlands
Andrew Heathcote
Andrew Heathcote
School of Psychology

J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 2019 Jun 18;45(6):826-839. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Division of Psychology, University of Tasmania.

Motorists often engage in secondary tasks unrelated to driving that increase cognitive workload, resulting in fatal crashes and injuries. An International Standards Organization method for measuring a driver's cognitive workload, the detection response task (DRT), correlates well with driving outcomes, but investigation of its putative theoretical basis in terms of finite attention capacity remains limited. We address this knowledge gap using evidence-accumulation modeling of simple and choice versions of the DRT in a driving scenario. Our experiments demonstrate how dual-task load affects the parameters of evidence-accumulation models. We found that the cognitive workload induced by a secondary task (counting backward by 3s) reduced the rate of evidence accumulation, consistent with rates being sensitive to limited-capacity attention. We also found a compensatory increase in the amount of evidence required for a response and a small speeding in the time for nondecision processes. The International Standards Organization version of the DRT was found to be most sensitive to cognitive workload. A Wald-distributed evidence-accumulation model augmented with a parameter measuring response omissions provided a parsimonious measure of the underlying causes of cognitive workload in this task. This work demonstrates that evidence-accumulation modeling can accurately represent data produced by cognitive workload measurements, reproduce the data through simulation, and provide supporting evidence for the cognitive processes underlying cognitive workload. Our results provide converging evidence that the DRT method is sensitive to dynamic fluctuations in limited-capacity attention. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/xhp0000638
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000638DOI Listing
June 2019
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