Trends in time in the management of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator in the last phase of life: a retrospective study of medical records.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2019 Apr 17:1474515119844660. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) might give unwanted shocks in the last month of life. Guidelines recommend deactivation of the ICD prior to death.

Aims: The aims of this study were to examine trends in time (2007-2016) in how and when decisions are made about ICD deactivation, and to examine patient- and disease-related factors which may have influenced these decisions. In addition, care and ICD shock frequency in the last month of life of ICD patients are described.

Methods: Medical records of a sample of deceased patients who had their ICD implanted in 1999-2015 in a Dutch university ( n = 308) or general ( n = 72) hospital were examined.

Results: Median age at death was 71 years, and 88% were male. ICD deactivation discussions increased from 6% for patients who had died between 2007 and 2009 to 35% for patients who had died between 2013 and 2016. ICD deactivation rates increased in these periods from 16% to 42%. Presence of do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders increased from 9% to 46%. Palliative care consultations increased from 0% to 9%. When the ICD remained active, shocks were reported for 7% of patients in the last month of life. Predictors of ICD deactivation were the occurrence of ICD deactivation discussions after implantation (OR 69.30, CI 26.45-181.59), DNR order (OR 6.83, CI 4.19-11.12), do-not-intubate order (OR 6.41, CI 3.75-10.96), and palliative care consultations (OR 8.67, CI 2.76-27.21).

Conclusion: ICD deactivation discussions and deactivation rates have increased since 2007. Nevertheless, ICDs remain active in the majority of patients at the end of life, some of whom experience shocks.

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Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1474515119844660
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1474515119844660DOI Listing

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April 2019
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)

Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie et al.
2013

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