Schistosomiasis mansoni in the northeast region of brazil: temporal modeling of positivity, hospitalization,and mortality rates.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019 Apr 11;52:e20180458. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Departamento de Medicina, Campus Arapiraca, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Arapiraca, AL, Brasil.

Introduction: We aimed to analyze trends in Schistosomiasis positivity, mortality, and hospitalization rates in Northeast Brazil.

Methods: We conducted an ecological study using data from the Brazilian Schistosomiasis Control Program, and Hospital and Mortality Information Systems. A joinpoint regression model was used for temporal analysis.

Results: The positivity(-4.7%;p<0.001) and hospitalization(-17.7%;p<0.001) rates declined globally, while the mortality remained stationary (-0.8%;p>0.05). However, the hospitalization in Alagoas(27.1%;p<0.001) and Pernambuco (35.1%;p<0.001), and the mortality in Bahia(2.9%;p<0.001) and Sergipe(4.1%;p<0.001), increased.

Conclusions: Schistosomiasis mansoni represents an important public health problem in Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, and Bahia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0458-2018DOI Listing
April 2019

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