The theorical-methodological construction of theses and dissertations and their epistemological problems.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20171020. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia/PPGEO-CFCH-UFPE, Departamento de Ciências Geográficas, Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, 1235, CFCH 5o e 6o andar, Cidade Universitária, Caixa Postal 7803, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil.

This essay discusses the problem of the lack of dialogue between theory/empirical reality in the construction of the theoretical structure of dissertations and doctorates in Human Sciences in Brazil; taking Geography as an example, Santos (2000) observed this problem, which persists at the national level. The proposal is to present the question and to suggest the relationship between theory/empirical reality coming of the dialogue with specific research questions. It is these research questions that will define the limitations, factors, agents, processes and structures that will be studied. The relationship between the construction of the theoretical references with specific problems allowing theoretical-methodological advances, thus adapting the reading of the general theory to empirical situations. This appropriation generates both methodological directions for how to treat the empirical and the understandings that will be used in the discussion of the results. The confrontation and discussion of the results will suggest affirmations, questions and new perceptions for the theory.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920171020DOI Listing
May 2019

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