Adv Clin Exp Med 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.
Department of Food Science and Dietetics, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.
Background: The nutritional significance of silicon for the human body is highlighted by a continually growing body of evidence. In conditions of excessive reactive oxygen species and upregulated immune response, silicon has been observed to provide benefits, but its role in redox and inflammatory status has not yet been examined in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of silicon intake and plasma level to systemic indices of redox status and inflammation in patients with RA.
Material And Methods: Silicon intake and plasma levels were measured in 115 RA subjects and 129 control subjects. Serum antioxidant and oxidant levels, antioxidant enzyme activity, and albumin, uric acid, TBARS, hs-CRP, and Il-6 levels were measured and compared to the intake and plasma levels of silicon.
Results: Silicon intake and plasma silicon levels were higher in RA subjects than in the controls. In the RA group, a generally favorable correlation to redox and inflammatory markers was found for silicon in diet and in plasma; however, albumin level, smoking status, and gender interfered with these results. In the control subjects, a significant relationship was observed only between plasma silicon and non-enzymatic markers of redox status.
Conclusions: There are suggestions of silicon's involvement in managing redox and inflammatory status in RA, though further studies are warranted.