J Oral Rehabil 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.
Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Oral Sciences, Division of Orthodontics, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.
To evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder pain (TMD-pain), temporomandibular joint (TMJ) noises, oral behaviours in an Italian adult population sample, their possible association with gender, oral behaviours, self-reported facial trauma and orthodontic treatment. Subjects older than 18 years were recruited from general population in public spaces during their daily life. A specific questionnaire was developed to collect data on TMD-pain, TMJ noises, oral behaviours, orthodontic treatment and facial trauma. A total of 4299 subjects were included in the study. The most common symptom in the sample was TMJ clicking (30.7%), followed by TMD-pain (16.3%) and TMJ crepitus (10.3%). Oral behaviours were reported in 29% of the sample; 43.6% of the sample reported a previous or ongoing orthodontic treatment. TMD-pain and TMJ clicking were significantly associated to gender, oral behaviours and a positive history of previous facial trauma. Crepitus was significantly associated to oral behaviours, facial trauma and higher age. Ongoing orthodontic treatment was significantly associated to TMD-pain and TMJ sounds. In a general Italian adult population sample, TMD-pain is associated to female gender and is less prevalent than TMJ clicking. TMDs are associated to trauma and oral behaviours.