Environmentally Benign Carbon Nanodots Prepared from Lemon for the Sensitive and Selective Fluorescence Detection of Fe(III) and Tannic Acid.

J Fluoresc 2019 May 16;29(3):631-643. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Physical Chemistry, School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, 625021, India.

Photoluminescent carbon nanodots (CNDs) were prepared using a biocarbon source of lemon extract. The obtained CNDs are of spherical shape and are enriched with the carboxylic acid fucntionalities. CNDs exhibited a fluorescence emission at 445 nm and unveiled blue luminescence in ultraviolet excitation. The influences of pH and ionic strength toward the stability of CNDs were investigated in detail and the obtained stability authenticates their applicability in different environmental conditions. The competitive binding of Fe with CNDs quenches the fluorescence behavior of CNDs and was further quenched with the selective complex formation of Fe with tannic acid (TA). The interference experiments specified that CNDs-Fe assembly selectively detected TA and the co-existing molecules have not influenced the quenching effect of TA with CNDs-Fe. The analytical reliability of constructed sensor was validated from the recovery obtained in the range of 91.66-107.02% in real samples. Thus the low cost and environmentally benign CNDs prepared from natural biomass provide new avenues in the fluorescence detection of biologically significant metal ions and biomolecules, facilitating their competency in on-site applications of real environmental samples.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10895-019-02360-wDOI Listing

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May 2019
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