Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Background: There is high-quality evidence supporting induction of labour (IOL) for a number of maternal and fetal indications. However, one fifth of inductions fail to result in vaginal births, requiring cesarean deliveries. This has negative clinical, emotional and resource implications. The importance of predicting the success of labour induction to enable shared decision-making has been recognized, but existing models are limited in scope and generalizability. Our objective was to derive and internally validate a clinical prediction model that uses variables readily accessible through maternal demographic data, antenatal history, and cervical examination to predict the likelihood of vaginal birth following IOL.
Methods: Data was extracted from electronic medical records of consecutive pregnant women who were induced between April and December 2016, at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada. A multivariable logistic regression model was developed using 16 readily accessible variables identified through literature review and expert opinion, as predictors of vaginal birth after IOL. The final model was internally validated using 10-fold cross-validation.
Results: Of the 1123 cases of IOL, 290 (25.8%) resulted in a cesarean delivery. The multivariable logistic regression model found maternal age, parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index and weight, weight at delivery, and cervical dilation at time of induction as significant predictors of vaginal delivery following IOL. The prediction model was well calibrated (Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2 = 5.02, p = 0.76) and demonstrated good discriminatory ability (area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve, 0.81 (95% CI 0.78 to 0.83)). Finally, the model showed good internal validity [AUROC 0.77 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.82)].
Conclusions: We have derived and internally validated a well-performing clinical prediction model for IOL in a large and diverse population using variables readily accessible through maternal demographic data, antenatal history, and cervical examination. Once prospectively validated in diverse settings, and if shown to be acceptable to pregnant women and healthcare providers as well as clinically and cost-effective, this model has potential for widespread use in clinical practice and research for enhancing patient autonomy, improving induction outcomes, and optimizing allocation of resources.
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