Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol 2019 Jun 15;30(2):183-190. Epub 2019 Apr 15.
Med. Klinik I, Abteilung für Kardiologie und Angiologie, Universitätsklinik Gießen, UKGM, Klinikstraße 33, 35392, Gießen, Deutschland.
With a continuous increase in the approval of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED), not only pacemakers (PM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) but especially devices for treating chronic heart failure, more and more possibilities of device-device interactions arise, which in isolated cases can lead to death of the patient. Because of the still low numbers of patients overall, there are very few scientific studies and only isolated case reports on this topic. Devices which are at risk of interaction with a previously implanted PM are wearable cardioverter defibrillators (WCD) and subcutaneous ICDs (S-ICD). These two devices both use the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) in their algorithm for detecting ventricular arrhythmia. These surface ECGs seem to be prone to unipolar pacemaker stimulation artefacts. By correct programming of implanted pacemakers in the bipolar stimulation mode it is possible to avoid ECG artefacts and inadequate treatment. In baroreceptor activation therapy (BAT) there seem to be no device interactions so far, even though this device shows substantial highly frequent artefacts in the ECG. The cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) system has also until now not shown interactions with transvenous or subcutaneous ICD devices, even though randomized trials are missing.