Skeletal Radiol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.
Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave. A21, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.
Myxofibrosarcoma is a malignant fibroblastic soft tissue neoplasm containing a variable amount of myxoid stroma that commonly presents as a slow-growing mass in elderly patients. The neoplasm may be superficial or deep to the muscle fascia and characteristically has an infiltrative growth pattern with a dominant or multinodular mass. We describe an unusual case of high-grade myxofibrosarcoma of the wrist and forearm that infiltrated the muscles, tendons, and wrist joint, causing bone erosions. The tumor was mistakenly diagnosed as synovitis and a chronic, erosive, inflammatory process. The diffuse nature, absence of a dominant mass, and radiographic appearance complicated the diagnosis. Although neoplasms of the synovial spaces are rare, this case demonstrates that tumors with a highly infiltrative growth pattern can mimic inflammatory synovitis and that neoplasms should be considered in the differential diagnosis when clinical and laboratory features are discordant with the imaging appearance.