Neuromuscul Disord 2019 May 2;29(5):388-391. Epub 2019 Mar 2.
Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address:
Actinopathy is a group of clinically and pathologically heterogeneous myopathies due to mutations in the skeletal muscle sarcomeric α-actin 1-encoding gene (ACTA1). Disease-onset spans from prenatal life to adulthood and weakness can preferentially affect proximal or distal muscles. Myopathological findings include a spectrum of structural abnormalities with nemaline rods being the most common. We report a daughter and father with prominent finger flexors and/or quadriceps involvement. Muscle biopsies revealed rimmed vacuoles in both patients, associated with type 1 fiber atrophy in the daughter, and nemaline rods in the father. Next generation sequencing identified a novel dominant ACTA1 variant, c.149G>A (p.Gly50Asp) in both individuals and no abnormal variants in vacuolar myopathy-associated genes. Our findings expand the clinico-pathological spectrum of actinopathy.
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