J Hosp Med 2019 Apr 8;14:E1-E5. Epub 2019 Apr 8.
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.
Background: Hospital medicine continues to grow in workforce, clinical scope, and academic inquiry. This article provides a summary of recent high-impact publications for busy clinicians who provide care to hospitalized adults.
Methods: Authors reviewed articles that were published between March 2017 and March 2018 for the Update in Hospital Medicine presentations at the 2018 Society of Hospital Medicine and Society of General Internal Medicine annual meetings. Nine of the 29 articles presented were selected for this review based on quality and potential to influence practice.
Results: The following key insights were gained: (1) the perioperative continuation of aspirin in patients with previous percutaneous intervention is beneficial; (2) delaying hip fracture surgery beyond a 24-hour window increases complications; (3) oral antibiotics may be effective treatment for select bloodstream infections; (4) pulmonary embolism may not be as common a cause of syncope as previously suggested; (5) balanced intravenous fluids and normal saline are similar with respect to hospital-free days but a difference exists in renal events at 30 days favoring balanced crystalloids; (6) speaker introductions may reveal gender bias in academic medicine; (7) edoxaban is a reasonable choice for the treatment of venous thromboembolism in cancer; (8) high-flow nasal cannula reduces the need for intubation in respiratory failure when compared with usual oxygen therapy and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation; and (9) diagnostic errors in spinal epidural abscess lead to delays and morbidity.
Conclusions: This research provides insight into how we can approach common medical problems in the care of hospitalized adults. The selected works have the potential to change or confirm current practices.