Am J Clin Pathol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.
Breast Pathology Section, Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Chicago, IL.
Objectives: The aims were to evaluate the programmed death 1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) axis in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast.
Methods: We reviewed 85 pure DCIS cases treated with surgical excision at our institution, including 51 luminal A (estrogen receptor [ER] positive/human epidermal growth factor 2 [HER2] negative), 15 luminal B (ER+/HER2+), 13 HER2 (ER-/HER2+), and six basal-like (ER-/HER2-/CK5/6+). The extent and intensity of PD-1 and PD-L1 immunohistochemical staining in the tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and in the tumor cells were recorded.
Results: Our study found that moderate/severe inflammation around DCIS correlated with HER2 expression (20/28 HER2+ cases [71%] vs 21/57 HER2- cases [37%], P = .005). Of interest, over half of the TILs around the HER2 subtype expressed PD-L1 (7/13, 54%). In addition, about one-third of TILs around the HER2 subtype expressed PD-1 (4/13, 31%).
Conclusions: These findings suggest that immune-based therapeutic strategies may be used as a potential therapy in DCIS cases with PD-L1 overexpression, especially those of the HER2 molecular subtype.