Toxic epidermal necrolysis after acute burn injury.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2018 Dec;31(4):266-270

National Burns Unit, Saint James' Hospital, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.

Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a rare, potentially fatal disorder that involves large areas of skin desquamation. Patients with toxic epidermal necrolysis are frequently referred to burn centres for expert wound management and early comprehensive critical care as this has been shown to improve patient outcome and mortality. The authors describe the first report of medication-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis occurring in a patient during acute burn management in a tertiary burn care facility. The patient sustained a 17% total body surface area flame burn to her face, chest, bilateral upper limbs and bilateral lower limbs while escaping from a wildfire. She required extensive debridement and allografting to manage burn injured areas and additional areas of epidermal loss from subsequent toxic epidermal necrolysis, amounting to a total body surface area of 90%. Definitive burn wound closure was achieved using autologous split-thickness skin grafting once donor sites healed and became suitable for harvest 3 weeks after the onset of toxic epidermal necrolysis. Grafts achieved complete take and the patient was discharged home following rehabilitation..

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441584PMC

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December 2018
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