Transplant Proc 2019 Apr 26;51(3):993-997. Epub 2019 Jan 26.
Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.
Recipients of organ transplants are immunosuppressed and at high risk of oral infection. Oral diseases are often neglected compared with infections of other organs that typically confer higher morbidity. However, severe local symptoms hinder oral intake, decrease quality of life, and are sometimes lethal. Here we describe a case of a 57-year-old woman who developed recurrent aphthous stomatitis after kidney transplantation; the cause of the infection was complex and included cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, and Candida species. Since misdiagnosis of oral diseases impairs patient quality of life and increases morbidity, clinicians should be aware of possible etiologies of oral infections in renal transplant recipients.