Sleep Med 2019 May 19;57:122-127. Epub 2019 Feb 19.
Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Brazil; Neurology Service, Hospital Geral de Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil; Center of Health Sciences, Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Electronic address:
Purpose: The aim of this study was to clinically characterize sleep disorders in a cohort of Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) patients, correlating these findings with disease features and polysomnographic (PSG) results.
Methods: We evaluated eight consecutive patients with molecular confirmation of NPC followed at the Hospital Geral de Fortaleza. Patients underwent a comprehensive neurological and sleep evaluation. Four participants underwent polysomnography and then performed the multiple sleep latency test.
Results: All eight patients evaluated had sleep disorders. Four participants performed polysomnography followed by multiple sleep latency test. Chronic insomnia and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) were the most frequent sleep disorders (62,5%). Two patients were diagnosed with Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) (25%) and two with probable REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) (25%). All the patients who did polysomnography had reduced and/or disorganized sleep, with reduction on sleep efficiency, total sleep time and REM sleep time.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that sleep abnormalities in Niemann-Pick type C patients may be more prevalent than previously thought.
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