Department of Urology and Paediatric Urology, Saarland University, Kirrberger Straße 100, 66424, Homburg, Germany.
The evidence concerning prognostic parameters for clinical decision-making in penile cancer is either weak or missing. We therefore analysed the prognostic value of the revised TNM and WHO classification systems on relapse and survival with special emphasis on HPV status. We collected clinical data and tissue samples of 121 patients from centres in Germany and Russia. HPV genotyping and p16 immunostaining were performed. The histological subtype and TNM were reclassified by two experienced uropathologists. Survival analyses were performed by Kaplan-Meier estimator and log-rank test. Uni- and multivariable analyses were performed by Cox proportional hazard model and Fisher's exact test for contingency analysis. HPV status was not found to be an independent prognostic factor. Histological subtypes differ in prognosis with the best outcome found in warty and the worst in basaloid carcinomas. Patients with pT1b defined by poor differentiation or lymphovascular invasion (LVI) had the shortest metastasis-free survival compared with pT1a (log-rank, p = 0.02). Lymph node metastasis and LVI were significantly associated with poor metastasis-free, cancer-specific and overall survival and could be identified as the only independent prognostic parameters. Prognostic value of TNM could not be improved using the 8th versus the 7th edition. In contrast to HPV status, histological subtypes are of prognostic value and should be an essential part of pathologic reports. The impact of the HPV status needs to be analysed in a subtype-specific manner. Parameters describing lymphatic dissemination have the highest impact on prognosis. Inclusion of tumour grade and LVI into a single T-category (pT1b) seems questionable.
We have submitted your request - we will update you on status within the next 48 hours.
Sign up for further access to Scientific Publications and Authors!
What are PubFacts Points?
PubFacts points are rewards to PubFacts members, which allow you to better promote your profile and articles throughout PubFacts.com
How do I earn PubFacts Points?
Each member is given 50 PubFacts points upon signing up. You can earn additional points by completing 100% of your profile, creating and participating in discussions, and sharing other members research.
What can I do with PubFacts Points?
Currently, you can use PubFacts Points to promote and increase readership of your articles.