Evaluation of Immunization Coverage in the Rural Area of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Authors:
Adnan Khan
Adnan Khan
Quaid-I-Azam University
Dr
Neuropharmacology
Islamabad , KPK | Pakistan
Sarbiland Khan
Sarbiland Khan
Rehman Medical College
Peshawar | Pakistan
Irfan Ullah
Irfan Ullah
Sultan Qaboos University Hospital
Saima Yaseen
Saima Yaseen
Federal Urdu University of Arts
Ghulam H Khan
Ghulam H Khan
Shifa College of Medicine
Islamabad | Pakistan
Hina Rashid
Hina Rashid
Indian Council of Medical Research
India
Humera Jamil
Humera Jamil
Rehman Medical Institute

Cureus 2019 Jan 31;11(1):e3992. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Epidemiology and Public Health, Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, PAK.

Background: In children, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality is infectious disease. Immunization is one of the most cost-effective methods for child survival. The purpose of the survey is to assess access and coverage of immunizations in the rural areas of the District Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Methods: A cross‑sectional study was conducted in a rural population area of District Peshawar from February 2016 to April 2016 using the WHO's 30 cluster sampling method for evaluation of immunization coverage.

Results: A total of 390 children aged 12-23 months were included in the study. It was found that 67.94% of the children were fully immunized against vaccine-preventable diseases. Thirty percent of the children were partially immunized; the percentage of unimmunized children was 2.06%. Immunization cards were issued to and available with 58.8% of the subjects. The most common cause of partial immunization was a lack of information regarding vaccinations (27%). Immunization against measles was found to be low (67%). Those using private facilities were more likely to be completely immunized as compared to government facilities.

Conclusions: Immunization coverage in our survey was 68%. Sustained efforts are required to achieve universal coverage of immunization. Significant interventions are required, especially in areas that are more rural and less educated.

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Source
https://www.cureus.com/articles/11724-evaluation-of-immuniza
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3992DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443532PMC
January 2019
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