Successful Diagnosis of a Longstanding Giant Amoebic Liver Abscess Using Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography (CEUS): A Case Report in a Western Country.

Authors:
Silvia Traficante
Silvia Traficante
Sapienza University of Rome
Serena Ragonici
Serena Ragonici
Sapienza University of Rome
Giovanni Battista Fonsi
Giovanni Battista Fonsi
Aurelia Hospital
Italy
Daniela Messineo
Daniela Messineo
University of Rome "La Sapienza"
Italy

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 10;20:493-498. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Anatomo-Pathological Science, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

BACKGROUND E. histolytica liver abscess results from extra-intestinal diffusion of amebiasis, which is responsible for up 100 000 deaths per annum, placing it second only to malaria in mortality. Currently, the criterion standard for the diagnosis of liver abscesses is ultrasound, but CEUS (contrast-enhanced ultrasound) is emerging as a more accurate method for liver study, and it could be more accurate than ultrasound and non-invasive compared to CT. CASE REPORT A white man (59 years old) with a 2-day history of dyspnea, acute abdominal pain in right upper quadrant, and raised inflammatory markers was admitted to a second-level Emergency Department in Rome (Italy). He reported several trips to tropical areas many years before, during which he ingested non-potable water and became infected with Entamoeba histolytica. This was treated medically with success. After administration of antibiotics (meropenem and metronidazole), a liver CEUS (contrast-enhanced ultrasonography) with administration of SonoVue (sulphur hexafluoride microbubbles) confirmed a giant liver abscess (15×16 cm). One day later, CT-guided drainage was performed without complications and the patient was discharged on the 25th post-procedure day, with improved blood results. CONCLUSIONS Acute abdominal pain can be caused by a variety of diseases, but a diagnosis of parasitic abscess should not be overlooked in non-endemic Western countries. CEUS is a new, promising, and more accurate technique that can be utilized to recognize liver abnormalities, including abscesses; however, retrospective population-wide studies are necessary to define the differential diagnoses.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.914378DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6474154PMC

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April 2019
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