J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.
Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.
Adenovirus infection is a well-known complication in patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Brincidofovir (BCV) is an orally bioavailable lipid conjugate of cidofovir, which has activity against adenoviruses. We present a review of adenovirus infections treated with BCV which were unresponsive to cidofovir initially in 4 patients and it was used upfront in one patient. Children with adenovirus infection following HSCT treated with BCV, between July 2014 and February 2018 were recognized. Five patients including 3 male and 2 female with a median age of 10 years (range, 2.2 to 10 y) were identified. The median days of adenoviremia detection was 18 days (range, 7 to 303 d) posttransplant. The median peak viral load by quantitative polymerase chain reaction was 21,38,000 copies/mL (range, 1,77,200 to 31,97,000 copies/mL). The median time from first detection of adenoviremia to become negative was 30 days (range, 15 to 113 d). The sites involved were gastrointestinal tract in all patients and 2 patients had additional respiratory tract involvement. Two patients survived and 3 patients died of sepsis. All patients responded well to BCV and no adverse effect was noticed. We saw the good safety profile and excellent antiadenoviral activity of BCV in pediatric patients receiving HSCT without the nephrotoxicity and it may have a role in preemptive therapy.