Br J Cancer 2019 May 10;120(10):1007-1014. Epub 2019 Apr 10.
Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, P.O Box 1130 Blindervn, 0318, Oslo, Norway.
Background: The aim of this study was to examine the association of a family history of cancer with the risk of testicular cancer in young adults.
Methods: This is a prospective cohort study including 1,974,287 males born 1951-2015, of whom 2686 were diagnosed with TC before the age of 30.
Results: A history of TC in male relatives was significantly associated with a diagnosis of TC among children and young adults, including brothers (6.3-fold), sons (4.7-fold), fathers (4.4-fold), paternal uncles (2.0-fold) and maternal uncles (1.9-fold). Individuals with a father diagnosed with a carcinoma or sarcoma showed an elevated risk (1.1-fold and 1.8-fold, respectively). A family history of mesothelioma was positively associated with a risk of TC [(father (2.8-fold), mother (4.6-fold) and maternal uncles and aunt (4.4-fold)]. Elevated risks were also observed when siblings were diagnosed with malignant melanoma (1.4-fold). The risk of TC was also increased when fathers (11.1-fold), paternal (4.9-fold) and maternal uncles and aunts (4.6-fold) were diagnosed with malignant neuroepithelial-tumours.
Conclusion: We found an increased risk of TC among children and young adults with a family history of TC, carcinoma, mesothelioma, sarcoma, malignant melanoma and malignant neuroepithelial tumours. Hereditary cancer syndromes might underlie some of the associations reported in this study.