Corticosteroid-induced immunodeficiency in a patient with gliomatosis cerebri: Are corticosteroids indicated in all brain tumors?

Authors:
Goran Mitrovic
Goran Mitrovic
Institute of Mother and Child Health Care "Dr Vukan Cupic"
Zvezdana Dolenc-Strazar
Zvezdana Dolenc-Strazar
Institute of Pathology
Mara Popovic
Mara Popovic
Institute of Pathology

Clin Neuropathol 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

An elderly male was admitted to the Department of Neurology for slowly progressive dysarthria and right-sided atactic hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a small contrast-enhanced focus of malignant glioma in the left parietal lobe - with the growth pattern of cerebral gliomatosis - involving the whole left cerebral hemisphere, the corpus callosum, and spreading into the right frontal hemisphere. Diagnostic biopsy was deferred until the exclusion of other possible causes of the brain lesion. A follow-up brain MRI was planned in 6 weeks. In the interim, the patient was treated with dexamethasone, with mild improvement of the neurological symptoms. He was discharged home with a date for a follow-up brain MRI. One week later, the patient was readmitted due to a deterioration of speech and severe respiratory distress. The repeat brain MRI showed regression of contrast enhancement and no progression of the diffuse growth. Laboratory tests demonstrated tracheal candidiasis, invasive aspergillosis, and disseminated strongyloidiasis, including the brain. The patient rapidly deteriorated and died 11 days after the 2 admission. The autopsy confirmed a small focus of glioblastoma in the left parietal lobe with the diffuse growth pattern of cerebral gliomatosis, laryngeal candidiasis, diffuse alveolar damage, with angioinvasive aspergillosis in the lungs and heart, and disseminated strongyloidiasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/NP301167DOI Listing
April 2019
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