Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.
Institut für Allgemeinmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
Background: The term telemedicine describes the delivery of healthcare services through the use of information and communication technologies in a situation where the actors are at different locations. While telemedical applications are piloted in research projects in Germany, they have rarely become part of everyday care. In order to find indications as to why the transfer of knowledge into practice has so far been slow, it is necessary to examine telemedical projects for aspects of implementation science.
Methods: A systematic search looking for telemedical projects in Germany was conducted in the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science and ACM Digital Library using a complex search strategy. The criteria and domains of the Model for Assessment of Telemedicine (MAST) were used to evaluate the publications.
Results: A total of 336 publications were identified, 16 of which were ultimately included in the analysis. Much of the work deals with stroke and the implementation of telemedicine networks. The analysis according to MAST shows that most publications omit essential considerations.
Conclusion: Publications on telemedical projects are often characterized by unsystematic approaches. The MAST instrument identifies areas where the approaches to telemedical projects could be extended in the future to ensure the sustainability and feasibility of these prototypical telemedical applications.