Epigenetic regulation of intercellular communication in the heart.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2019 Jun 5;316(6):H1417-H1425. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Laboratory of Physiopharmacology, University of Antwerp , Antwerp , Belgium.

The myocardium is a highly structured tissue consisting of different cell types including cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, inflammatory cells, and stem cells. Microvascular endothelial cells are the most abundant cell type in the myocardium and play crucial roles during cardiac development, in normal adult myocardium, and during myocardial diseases such as heart failure. In the last decade, epigenetic changes have been described regulating cellular function in almost every cell type in the organism. Here, we review recent evidence on different epigenetic changes that regulate intercellular communication in normal myocardium and during myocardial diseases, including cardiac remodeling. Epigenetic changes influence many intercellular communication signaling systems, including the nitric oxide, angiotensin, and endothelin signaling systems. In this review, we go beyond discussing classic endothelial function (for instance nitric oxide secretion) and will discuss epigenetic regulation of intercellular communication.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00038.2019DOI Listing
June 2019
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