Knockdown of CD44 expression decreases valve interstitial cell calcification in vitro.

Authors:
Lauren Baugh
Lauren Baugh
University of Alberta
Canada
Philip W Hinds
Philip W Hinds
Molecular Oncology Research Institute
United States
Lauren D Black
Lauren D Black
Tufts University

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2019 Jul 5;317(7):H26-H36. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tufts University , Medford, Massachusetts.

The lack of pharmaceutical targets available to treat patients with calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) necessitates further research into the specific mechanisms of the disease. The significant changes that occur to the aortic valves extracellular matrix (ECM) during the progression of CAVD suggests that these proteins may play an important role in calcification. Exploring the relationship between valve interstitial cells (VICs) and the ECM may lead to a better understand of CAVD mechanisms and potential pharmaceutical targets. In this study, we look at the effect of two ECM components, collagen and hyaluronic acid (HA), on the mineralization of VICs within the context of a two-dimensional, polyacrylamide (PAAM) model system. Using a novel, nondestructive imaging technique, we were able to track calcific nodule development in culture systems over a 3-wk time frame. We saw a significant increase in the size of the nodules grown on HA PAAM gels as compared with collagen PAAM gels, suggesting that HA has a direct effect on mineralization. Directly looking at the two known receptors of HA, CD44 and receptor for HA-mediated motility (RHAMM), and using siRNA knockdown revealed that a decrease in CD44 expression resulted in a reduction of calcification. A decrease in CD44, through siRNA knockdown, reduces mineralization on HA PAAM gels, suggesting a potential new target for CAVD treatment. Our in vitro model of calcific aortic valve disease shows an interaction between the hyaluronic acid binding protein CD44 with the osteogenic factor OPN as a potential mechanism of aortic valve calcification. Using siRNA knockdown of CD44, we show an upregulation of OPN expression with a decrease in overall mineralization.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00123.2018DOI Listing
July 2019

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