Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 2019 Sep 21;32(5):708-713. Epub 2019 Apr 21.
Department of Biopathology, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.
A girl, born with a posterior lumbosacral giant congenital nevus, developed a central nodule that expanded over a period of 14 months into a 10-cm pedunculated mass. Histological analysis of the mass revealed melanoma of myxoid, small round-cell type with areas of rhabdomyosarcomatous transformation confirmed by immunohistochemistry. RNA sequencing identified an in-frame SASS6(e14)-RAF1(e8) fusion in both components and the nevus. A RAF1 FISH break-apart test found a balanced rearrangement pattern in the nevus and an unbalanced pattern in the malignant areas. Wild-type status of NRAS and BRAF was confirmed by NGS techniques. The array-CGH profile displayed copy number alterations commonly found in rhabdomyosarcomas. Despite intensive treatment, widespread metastatic evolution of the melanomatous component was observed.