BMC Res Notes 2019 Apr 2;12(1):202. Epub 2019 Apr 2.
Department of Hematology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Objective: To assess the clinical presentation and hematological profile among young (≤ 55 years) and old (> 55 years) chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients in Sudan.
Result: In the present cross-sectional descriptive study, out of 110 cases studied, among them 31 (28.2%) were young (≤ 55 years) patients with mean age 48 years, and 79 (71.8%) were elder patients (> 55 years) with mean age 66 years, the overall mean age was 62.97 ± 12.06 with range (22-85 years), and 79 (71.8%) were males and 31 (28.2%) were females (M:F = 2.6:1) (P = 0.000). (7.3%) were asymptomatic, 61 (55.5%) presented with nonspecific complains. Generalized lymphadenopathy was seen in 52 (47.27%) with elder predominance (P = 0.03). Splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, thrombocytopenia and anemia were seen in 54 (49.1%), 14 (12.7%), 43 (39.1%) and 38 (34.5%) of patients respectively with male predominance. 54 (49.1%) and 42 (38.18%) of patients presented at Rai high risk and Binet C stages respectively with nearly same age and sex distribution. CLL in Sudan is a disease of elders, same as seen in literature, with high male to female ratio. In general hematological parameters means were noted to be distributed equally according to age and sex groups. Majority of patients were presented with nonspecific symptoms and nearly half of patients presented at late stages as reported in most developing countries.