Association of bullying experiences with depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning among school going children and adolescents.

Authors:
Sadiq Naveed
Sadiq Naveed
KVC Prairie Ridge Hospital
Kansas City | United States
Ahmed Waqas
Ahmed Waqas
CMH Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry
Pakistan
Tayyaba Afzaal
Tayyaba Afzaal
Government College University
Muhammad Hassan Majeed
Muhammad Hassan Majeed
New York Medical College
United States

BMC Res Notes 2019 Apr 2;12(1):198. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Natchaug Hospital, 189 Storrs Rd, Mansfield Center, CT, 06250, USA.

Objectives: We examined the association of bullying experiences with depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning among children and adolescents in rural Pakistan. A total of 452 school-going children in Nawabshah, Pakistan were conveniently interviewed to assess rates of bullying experiences and severity of depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents.

Results: Experience of victimization was reported by 130 (28.8%) and perpetration by (146, 32.3%). A total of 162 (35.80%) reported mild depressive symptoms, 88 (19.50%) moderate, 33 (7.30%) moderately severe and 19 (4.20%) severe depressive symptoms. Age was not associated with patterns of bullying other than pure bully perpetration (.12, P = .024). Both victims and perpetrators of bullying experienced adverse emotional and social consequences. Bully-perpetrators exhibited the greater severity of depressive symptoms due to distress in psychosocial functioning.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4236-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444870PMC
April 2019
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