Intestinal parasitic infections among public and private schoolchildren of Kathmandu, Nepal: prevalence and associated risk factors.

Jitendra Shrestha
Jitendra Shrestha
College of Pharmacy and Natural Medicine Research Institute
Balkrishna Bhattachan
Balkrishna Bhattachan
Shi-Gan International College of Science and Technology
Ganesh Rai
Ganesh Rai
Shi-Gan International College of Science and Technology
Eun Young Park
Eun Young Park
Kyoto Prefectural University
Shiba Kumar Rai
Shiba Kumar Rai
Nepal Medical College
Dharan | Nepal

BMC Res Notes 2019 Mar 29;12(1):192. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Shi-Gan International College of Science and Technology, Affiliated to Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Objective: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are a major cause of morbidity among children in developing countries. Investigation about the etiological agents and socio-ecological pattern of the infection would help to design better preventive strategy. The previous studies reported high prevalence of IPIs among schoolchildren of Nepal. Though these data may be essential for the policymakers and researchers, in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal it remains unexplored whether the types of school and socioeconomic status affect the IPIs or not. The present study is an extension of previous works to investigate causative agents and associated risk factors. We examined 508 stool samples of schoolchildren from two schools by formal-ether concentration technique and analyzed the data based on school types.

Results: The overall IPIs rate was 19.9% (n = 101) with the dominance of protozoans (78.4%) over helminths (21.6%). Giardia duodenalis (32.7%) and Ascaris lumbricoides (21.8%) were the most commonly detected protozoan and helminth species respectively. Prevalence of IPIs was higher among children from public school (26.1%) than private school (12.1%). Higher infection rates were found among farmer's children (29.0%) and Dalit children (36.2%). These findings reveal the different prevalence of IPIs among public and private schoolchildren and suggest the need of effective preventive measures.

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