Hydrogen sulfide-mediated regulation of cell death signaling ameliorates adverse cardiac remodeling and diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Authors:
Sumit Kar
Sumit Kar
Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences
India

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2019 Jun 29;316(6):H1237-H1252. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center , Omaha, Nebraska.

The death of cardiomyocytes is a precursor for the cascade of hypertrophic and fibrotic remodeling that leads to cardiomyopathy. In diabetes mellitus (DM), the metabolic environment of hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and oxidative stress causes cardiomyocyte cell death, leading to diabetic cardiomyopathy (DMCM), an independent cause of heart failure. Understanding the roles of the cell death signaling pathways involved in the development of cardiomyopathies is crucial to the discovery of novel targeted therapeutics and biomarkers for DMCM. Recent evidence suggests that hydrogen sulfide (HS), an endogenous gaseous molecule, has cardioprotective effects against cell death. However, very little is known about signaling by which HS and its downstream targets regulate myocardial cell death in the DM heart. This review focuses on HS in the signaling of apoptotic, autophagic, necroptotic, and pyroptotic cell death in DMCM and other cardiomyopathies, abnormalities in HS synthesis in DM, and potential HS-based therapeutic strategies to mitigate myocardial cell death to ameliorate DMCM.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00004.2019DOI Listing
June 2019
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)
Article in Circulation
Balan B et al.
Circulation 2017

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