Genes Immun 2019 May 29;20(5):344-356. Epub 2019 Mar 29.
Centre de ressources en information scientifique, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
The Institut Pasteur was created, thanks to worldwide generosity with the aim to welcome and treat rabies patients, to provide a place for scientific research and to offer new teaching programs in microbiology. Louis Pasteur invited his main collaborators, who had accompanied him during his previous investigations at École Normale Supérieure, to join him in his new institute. They contributed to the principle discoveries of Pasteur, such as the fight against spontaneous generation, the identification of the ferments of putrefaction, the fight against the silk worm disease, the research on wine and beer, and the set-up of the first vaccines against avian cholera, anthrax, swine erysipelas, and rabies. There were two scientists, Émile Duclaux and Charles Chamberland, and two medical doctors, Émile Roux, and Joseph Grancher. In addition, two Russian scientists were invited to join the Institute and to head a research laboratory, Élie Metchnikoff and Nikolaï Gamaleïa; the later will finally never join the institute.