Res Microbiol 2019 Jun - Aug;170(4-5):235-241. Epub 2019 Mar 25.
Departamento de Microbiología Molecular, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Avenida Universidad 2001, Colonia Chamilpa, Cuernavaca, Morelos, 62210, Mexico. Electronic address:
A weekly conference series paired with lectures entitled "Microbiome-MX: exploring the Microbiota and Microbiome Research in Mexico" was organized to provide a multidisciplinary overview of the most recent research done in Mexico using high-throughput sequencing. Scientists and postgraduate students from several disciplines such as microbiology, bioinformatics, virology, immunology, nutrition, and medical genomics gathered to discuss state of the art in each of their respective subjects of expertise, as well as advances, applications and new opportunities on microbiota/microbiome research. In particular, high-throughput sequencing is a crucial tool to understand the challenges of a megadiverse developing country as Mexico, and moreover to know the scientific capital and capabilities available for collaboration. The conference series addressed three main topics important for Mexico: i) the complex role of microbiota in health and prevalent diseases such as obesity, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, tuberculosis, HIV, autoimmune diseases and gastric cancer; ii) the use of local, traditional and prehispanic products as pre/probiotics to modulate the microbiota and improve human health; and iii) the impact of the microbiota in shaping the biodiversity of economically important terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Herein, we summarize the contributions that Mexican microbiota/microbiome research is making to the global trends, describing the highlights of the conferences and lectures, rather than a review of the state-of-the-art of this research. This meeting report also presents the efforts of a multidisciplinary group of scientist to encourage collaborations and bringing this research field closer for younger generations.