Ann Agric Environ Med 2019 Mar 13;26(1):198-202. Epub 2019 Mar 13.
Department of Medical Biology, Medical University, Warsaw, Poland.
Introduction: Various Acanthamoeba species are free-living organisms widely distributed in the human environment. Amphizoic amoebae as facultative parasites may cause vision-threatening eye disease - Acanthamoeba keratitis, mostly among contact lens wearers. As the number of cases is increasing, and applied therapy often unsuccessful, proper hygienic measures and effective contact lenses disinfection are crucial for the prevention of this disease. Available contact lens solutions are not fully effective against amphizoic amoebae; there is a need to enhance their disinfecting activity to prevent amoebic infections. The use of developing nanotechnology methods already applied with success in the prevention, diagnostic and therapy of other infectious diseases might be helpful regarding amoebic keratitis. This study assesses the in vitro effect of selected contact lens solutions conjugated with nanoparticles against Acanthamoeba trophozoites.
Material And Methods: Three selected contact lens solutions conjugated with silver and gold nanoparticles in concentration of 0.25-2.5 ppm were used in vitro against the axenically cultured ATCC 30010 type Acanthamoeba castellanii strain. The anti-amoebic efficacy was examined based on the oxido-reduction of AlamarBlue. The cytotoxicity tests based on the measurement of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity were performed using a fibroblast HS-5 cell line.
Results: Enhancement of the anti-amoebic activity of contact lens solutions conjugated with selected nanoparticles expressed in the dose dependent amoebic growth inhibition with a low cytotoxicity profile was observed.
Conclusions: Results of the study showed that conjugation of selected contact lens solutions with silver nanoparticles might be a promising approach to prevent Acanthamoeba keratitis among contact lens users.