Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 07;44(7):2392-2402
Department of Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Prince of Songkhla University, Songkhla, Thailand.
Purpose: Although ultrasound has been widely used to evaluate transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) patency, several studies have reported conflicting data regarding its performance. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate performance of ultrasound for detection of TIPS dysfunction by performing a meta-analysis.
Methods: Literature search was performed for studies evaluating ultrasound for TIPS dysfunction, stenosis, and occlusion using PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library through February 2019. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, log diagnostic odds ratio (LDOR), and area under curve (AUC) of summary receiver-operating characteristic were calculated. Subgroup analyses were performed according to ultrasonographic criteria and type of stent.
Results: In total, 21 studies were evaluated. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and LDOR of ultrasound for detection of TIPS dysfunction were 0.82 (0.67, 0.93), 0.58 (0.46, 0.70), and 1.77 (1.20, 2.35). Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and LDOR for TIPS stenosis were 0.80 (0.69, 0.90), 0.80 (0.69, 0.91), and 2.83 (1.88, 3.78). Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and LDOR for TIPS occlusion were 0.96 (0.92, 0.99), 1 (0.99, 1.00), and 6.28 (4.96, 7.60). AUCs of ultrasound for TIPS dysfunction, stenosis, and occlusion were 0.77, 0.86, and 0.95, respectively.
Conclusions: Although ultrasound had excellent performance for TIPS occlusion and acceptable performance for TIP stenosis, most studies utilized bare metal stent, and therefore, application to current practice is limited. Ultrasound for TIPS dysfunction in the setting of covered metal stent appeared to have acceptable sensitivity of 0.82, but limited specificity of 0.58 and low LDOR of 1.77. A new noninvasive tool is needed for detection of TIPS dysfunction in the era of covered metal stent.