Low-grade oncocytic tumour of kidney (CD117-negative, cytokeratin 7-positive): a distinct entity?

Authors:
Kiril Trpkov
Kiril Trpkov
University of Calgary
Canada
Sean R Williamson
Sean R Williamson
Indiana University School of Medicine
India
Yuan Gao
Yuan Gao
Zhejiang University
Hangzhou Shi | China
Petr Martinek
Petr Martinek
Mawson Institute
Australia
Liang Cheng
Liang Cheng
Indiana University School of Medicine
Indianapolis | United States
Ankur R Sangoi
Ankur R Sangoi
Stanford University
United States
Asli Yilmaz
Asli Yilmaz
Calgary Laboratory Services and University of Calgary
Canada
Cheng Wang
Cheng Wang
School of Public Health
China

Histopathology 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Charles University and University Hospital Pilsen, Pilsen, Czech Republic.

Aim: To describe a group of distinct low-grade oncocytic renal tumours that demonstrate CD117 negative/cytokeratin (CK) 7-positive immunoprofile.

Methods And Results: We identified 28 such tumours from four large renal tumour archives. We performed immunohistochemistry for: CK7, CD117, PAX8, CD10, AMACR, e-cadherin, CK20, CA9, AE1/AE3, vimentin, BerEP4, MOC31, CK5/6, p63, HMB45, melan A, CD15 and FH. In 14 cases we performed array CGH, with a successful result in nine cases. Median patient age was 66 years (range 49-78 years) with a male-to-female ratio of 1:1.8. Median tumour size was 3 cm (range 1.1-13.5 cm). All were single tumours, solid and tan-brown, without a syndromic association. On microscopy, all cases showed solid and compact nested growth. There were frequent areas of oedematous stroma with loosely arranged cells. The tumour cells had oncocytic cytoplasm with uniformly round to oval nuclei, but without significant irregularities, and showed only focal perinuclear halos. Negative CD117 and positive CK7 reactivity were present in all cases (in two cases there was focal and very weak CD117 reactivity). Uniform reactivity was found for PAX8, AE1/AE3, e-cadherin, BerEP4 and MOC31. Negative stains included CA9, CK20, vimentin, CK5/6, p63, HMB45, Melan A and CD15. CD10 and AMACR were either negative or focally positive; FH was retained. On array CGH, there were frequent deletions at 19p13.3 (seven of nine), 1p36.33 (five of nine) and 19q13.11 (four of nine); disomic status was found in two of nine cases. On follow-up (mean 31.8 months, range 1-118), all patients were alive with no disease progression.

Conclusion: Low-grade oncocytic tumours that are CD117-negative/CK7-positive demonstrate consistent and readily recognisable morphology, immunoprofile and indolent behaviour.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/his.13865DOI Listing
March 2019
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3.453 Impact Factor

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