Acta Histochem 2019 May 16;121(4):413-418. Epub 2019 Mar 16.
Postgraduate Program in Veterinary Medicine (Clinics and Animal Reproduction), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ, Brazil; Department of Veterinary Pathology and Clinic. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:
The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of HER-2 in gastric cells of cats infected with Non H. pylori Helicobacter (NHPH) and to investigate an association with the presence of inflammatory infiltrate. Forty-eight paraffin-embedded gastric samples were retrieved from the archives of the Veterinary Anatomic Pathology Laboratory that had previously been shown to be positive for NHPH with the rapid urease test and cytology. Infection by NHPH was confirmed by histopathology using the Warthin-Starry staining. Hematoxylin-eosin stained sections were reviewed to evaluate inflammatory cell infiltrates. Immunohistochemical analysis was done using anti- H. pylori antibody and anti-HER-2 antibody. Molecular analysis was performed by PCR to confirm the presence of Helicobacter. Statistical analysis was performed to determine whether there was an association between the presence of H. Heilmannii and HER-2 expression in gastric samples. All samples were positive for NHPH, by immunohistochemistry, and confirmed by PCR as H. Heilmannii. On histopathologic analysis, 56,3% of the samples had lymphocytes and plasma cells infiltrates, 52,1% of which were mild and 4,2% moderate. The intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate in the gastric mucosa was significantly greater in the complete plasma membrane of parietal cells of gastric glands that had greater HER-2 immunoexpression (p = 0.0001). A statistically significant association (p = 0.007) between the H. Heilmannii infection score and the expression of HER-2 in the lateral membrane of gastric surface cells was observed. HER-2 expression may be increased in feline gastric cells infected by H. Heilmannii and in parietal cells of gastric glands with an increased inflammatory infiltrate.