BMC Infect Dis 2019 Mar 18;19(1):262. Epub 2019 Mar 18.
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.
Background: Soil-transmitted helminthiasis affects almost 2 billion people worldwide in tropical climates. Preventive chemotherapy, using the benzimidazoles (albendazole and mebendazole) is the current main recommended control strategy. Nevertheless, there is limited efficacy of these drugs against hookworm infection and, to a greater extent, against trichuriasis. We describe a protocol for a trial investigating the efficacy and safety of the co-administration of ivermectin and albendazole against trichuriasis.
Methods: A double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized controlled trial will be conducted in three countries (Côte d'Ivoire, Tanzania and Lao PDR) with the aim to determine the efficacy, safety and extended effects of co-administered ivermectin and albendazole compared to standard albendazole monotherapy. We will enroll 600 participants aged 6-60 years in each setting. The primary outcome is cure rate (CR) against Trichuris trichiura infection as assessed by Kato-Katz 14-21 days after treatment. Secondary outcomes include CRs against concomitant soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections (Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm and Strongyloides stercoralis) and egg reduction rates (ERRs) against STH at 14-21 days, 180 days and 360 days. Tolerability of treatment, infection status assessed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and potential benefits of deworming on nutritional and morbidity indicators will be assessed. The primary analysis will include an available-case set and use logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex and weight.
Discussion: This trial will provide robust results on the efficacy and safety of co-administration of ivermectin and albendazole with the aim to better inform WHO recommendations on control of STHs. Furthermore, secondary and explanatory outcomes will provide direct evidence on the extended effects of combination therapy and insight on the relationship between nutrition and morbidity parameters and infection status and intensity.
Trial Registration: NCT03527732 (date assigned: 17 May 2018).