Adv Parasitol 2019 16;103:117-149. Epub 2018 Oct 16.
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Study Objectives: This article presents findings from a rapid review of qualitative research conducted to inform decision makers about community and drug distributor perceptions and experiences of mass drug administration campaigns for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis. We focused on questions related to acceptability of the mass drug administration campaigns within these groups and their thoughts around the feasibility of planning and carrying out the campaigns.
Methods: We carried out a systematic search in five databases to identify potential studies. We included studies that focused on community members and drug distributors and used qualitative methods for data collection and analysis. We conducted a thematic framework analysis using the Supporting the Use of Research Evidence framework. Due to time constraints, one author conducted the screening, extraction and data analysis.
Findings: Studies found that communities lack knowledge and information about lymphatic filariasis and the mass drug administration campaigns and that this can have an impact on how many community members choose to take medication. Health workers often had a good understanding that lymphatic filariasis was a problem in their setting, of its cause and mode of transmission and that hydrocele and elephantiasis had the same cause. However, this knowledge was not as prevalent amongst community drug distributors who often had misconceptions surrounding the topic. Furthermore, studies found that the length, timing, level of community and health system involvement, access to care for side effects, inadequate numbers of drug distributors and supervisors and motivation of drug distributors influenced participation in mass drug administration campaigns. Finally, the inadequate training of drug distributors could influence community trust in the mass drug administration program and the drug distributor themselves if there was a perception that the person was uninformed or not trained to carry out their tasks.